Part three of our guide to soundproofing shows you how to soundproof a window. Find out how making your room quieter is easier and cheaper than you think. Here are 6 ways to soundproof a window.
How to Soundproof Windows
Windows are probably the weakest point in a home when it comes to sound insulation. They provide the thinest barrier between you and the world outside. When assessing your home for sources of noise pollution, then windows should always be considered.
A wall is always going to have a higher STC (sound transmission class) rating than a window. This means you should always assess a window for sound leakage, before you treat a wall.
The easiest way to fix leaky windows is to get soundproof windows fitted. These don’t have to replace your existing windows and can be fitted as an extra window layer. However, these can cost over $1000. If that’s not an issue for you, then a quick Google search will solve your problem. If not, then read on as we have some cheaper solutions to soundproofing windows.
These are our 6 answers to fix noise coming through a window.
Treatment Number 1: Seal any air gaps
Sound waves will retain most of their energy and therefore loudness if they are allowed to travel unopposed. It’s vitally important then that we treat windows for any air gaps. If you live in a modern building, then this shouldn’t be as much of an issue, but it wouldn’t hurt to check anyway.
The most effective way to do this would be to seal the window shut, but this might not be an option for some. There are a few different tools we can use to seal air gaps.
This acoustic sealant is specially designed to fill up cracks and gaps. It’s easy to apply and dries in 48 hours.
High Density Foam Tape
This tape has an adhesive layer which means it is easily applied to most surfaces. It is high density which means it is ideal for treating noise problems. It is ideal for sealing windows. It can be easily stuck to the bottom of an up and down sliding window.
Acoustic putty can easily be molded to fit any shape. It provides a dense layer of sound insulation.
Treatment Number 2: Upgrade your curtains/blinds
As we learned in part one of our guide to soundproofing, one of our most effective weapons against noise is to add mass to a surface. We can add mass to walls so that less sound energy can travel through them, and we can do the same with curtains.
Buying curtains because of how heavy and dense they are isn’t most people’s main consideration when furnishing their homes, but in the war against noise, it is a key one. Curtains offer another layer of sound insulation, but their effect is usually negligible. However, special curtains do exist that can help us in our quest for peace and quiet.
Nicetown Noise Reducing Curtains
These curtains are really dense due to their triple weave design. Great at keeping our light, cold, and noise.
Moondream Soundproof Curtain
These curtains are said to reduce incoming noise by up to 7dB or 75%. Being so thick and heavy, they are also great and insulating and keeping out light.
Residential Acoustics Soundproof Curtains
These are more expensive than the other options, but are made by a specialist acoustics company. They say that these can reduce sound by 70-90%. These are some of the best soundproof curtains Amazon sells. Buy, they are priced accordingly.
To make the curtains even more effective, try to order a really wide length that enables you to pleat them. By pleating the curtains we make them thicker in places, which will stop more sound from passing through.
Treatment Number 3: Make your own soundproof curtains
Perhaps you don’t think acoustic curtains would be enough, or you don’t like the styles they come in. A more personal approach to the noise problem and to the color scheme in your bedroom would be to make your own soundproof curtains.
When looking for material to hang over windows, we should remember these key points:
- Thick and heavy (dense) material is better.
- Heavy fabrics like suede, velvet, and synthetic velour are effective while still attractive to look at.
- Be warned that these fabrics are highly flammable!
- The material should reach from above the window height to the floor.
- Ideally we want to pleat any curtain material.
- This makes a thicker barrier and stops more sound.
- Plan for the extra curtain size. It should be at least double the window width, but we can also go up to three times bigger for a stronger effect.
- Our curtain is going to be really heavy, so we need a strong curtain rod of at least 1 inch in thickness. A standard size rod might not be strong enough.
There are lots of different materials that you can use for this. Let’s take a look at what’s available and how it can be put to use.
By hanging a double set of thick blackout curtains (preferably with a small air gap between them), we can reduce the noise coming into our home. Remember to buy big as we want to pleat or drape them too.
A further step to seal air gaps would be to add velcro strips to the edges. This means we can attach the curtain to the wall.
Reasonably priced thick curtains that are well reviewed.
These are a great alternative if size is an issue. Ideal for blocking out noise and light.
15 feet of sticky back velcro strips to seal your curtains at night.
For even more sound insulation layers we can add blackout panels or window liners. These can be attached easily to existing curtains, and add a little more mass to our curtains.
Thermalogic Window Liner
Polyester and cotton insulation for heat, noise, and light. They are easily attached to grommet rings.
Eclipse Thermaliner Blackout Panel
Blocks out more light, sound, and cold. Attaches to existing curtain panels with drapery hooks
Moving blankets are designed to protect cargo in transit. This means they are really thick and well padded. It is this characteristic that makes them a popular choice in recording studios to absorb sound. They’re actually a bit of an industry secret, as they are effective at absorbing sound, but come at a fraction of the cost of specialist acoustic panels and absorbers. Using a layer or two of moving blankets over a window would stop a lot of air-borne sound from entering your room.
US Cargo Control- Supreme Mover
These blankets weigh 8 lbs each. That’s a big amount of noise insulation at a cheaper price than specially made acoustic panels. You’ll find cheaper moving blankets, but you’ll be hard pushed to match the weight of these guys.
Treatment Number 4: Make a window plug or use a barrier
A window plug is an acoustic barrier that we can fit into the window sill to absorb sound. It will be dense and thick, and will block out light too. We need to make this light enough that we can remove it during the day.
How to make a window plug
Step 1: We need to measure the frame of the window to see how deep the window sill is. If our window sill is 2 inches deep them we will need 1 inch thick of acoustic mat, for a 4 inch depth we’ll use 2 inch thick mat etc. It’s important that we leave an air gap, and that our window plug doesn’t press against the window pane.
Acoustic or soundproofing mats like these are commonly used in cars to reduce engine noise. They come in a variety of thicknesses, and have an adhesive backing so that they can be easily applied. If you were to use your window plug during the day, a bonus with this type of mat is that it can easily withstand high temperatures of direct sunlight.
Our soundproof mat needs to cover an area of 1 inch longer and wider than the window sill. We need this overlap so that we don’t have an air gap. By making it slightly big it should squeeze into the window sill area and fit snugly. We can add extra layers of soundproof mat as you see fit. The thicker the better (but remember we need to leave an air gap).
Step 2: We need to make a backing board for our window plug. This will serve two purposes: It will add extra mass (sound insulation) to our plug, and it will give us the chance to fit handles.
The dimensions of our backing board should ideally match the dimensions of the window sill. This means our acoustic foam will stick out 1 inch around the sides.
As for our material, we want to use something as dense as possible, but we also don’t wan to make it too heavy. We don’t want it to take three people to put our window plug in each night! Medium density fiber board is dense, but quite heavy. Other fiberboards would do also. Our acoustic mat has an adhesive backing, but contact cement can be used too.
Step 3: Now we have our acoustic mat stuck to a backing board. To make our window plug easy to fit and remove, we can make handles. Cupboard handles or something like these, would be fine.
We can add a further layer of acoustic mat to the back of our window plug too, if so desired.
An acoustic barrier is specially designed to limit sound transmission. It is filled with dense material, ideal for sound absorption. An acoustic barrier hung over a window with hooks would form an effective layer of sound insulation over your window. If we use mass loaded vinyl, we can attach it with some strong velcro over the window area.
Singer Safety Fiberglass Panel
This barrier is filled with dense fiberglass to reduce sound transmission. It can easily be attached with hooks to a curtain rod.
Mass Loaded Vinyl
Mass loaded vinyl is super dense to make it really good at absorbing sound energy. At only 1/8 of an inch thick it doesn’t have to take up much room either. It’s specially designed to stop sound.
Treatment Number 5: Make a second window
Much cheaper and easier than completely replacing your windows, it to add an extra sound insulating layer. By attaching a layer of acrylic over the window, you can reduce the noise that is able to travel through it.
This can be done with a custom designed soundproofing window kit, or if you are a bit more confident in your DIY skills, or are on a budget then you could do this yourself.
With a layer of acrylic you need to make an air tight seal over the existing window. This is a similar method to the window plug, but differs in a couple of ways. By using acrylic this means that it is transparent and will let light into the room. This means it doesn’t need to be removed during the day. Using only acrylic also means that it is not quite as effective as the window plug.
Magnetseal Soundproofing Window Kit
This window kit comes with the fittings needed to make your own soundproof window. You’ll need to purchase your own acrylic, but this kit will guide you through the whole process.
Treatment Number 6: Upgrade your windows
If you live in an older building then you might have the misfortune of having ageing windows too. Old single pane windows offer a really poor level of sound and heat insulation. Furthermore, the frames are often badly sealed and leave air gaps.
As we learned in part one of our guide to soundproofing, we want to stop things from vibrating as that’s how sound travels through surfaces. These single pane windows offer little resistance to sound, and vibrate freely in its presence. Air gaps also offer an easy route for sound to travel unchallenged.
This is an expensive option, but getting double panel (glaze) windows with modern frames would make a big difference to the amount of sound that comes into your home.
The double panels offer a little more sound insulation, but more importantly, the new frames are really well sealed and stop any sound from leaking through air gaps.
We’ve given a lot of options on what you can use. It depends on your budget and circumstance as to what would be best. Certainly the most effective treatment would be to use a bit of everything, or by using more layers, but you might notice results by using only one of them. We’d love to know how you got on, so we can share with the rest of our readers.
That concludes part three of our guide to soundproofing. You should now know how to soundproof a window and get a good nights sleep. Next in part four, we’ll show you how you can soundproof a door.
If you haven’t read parts one and two, you can check them out here:
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